The Story of the Fourth of July
The Declaration of Independence
We celebrate American Independence Day on the Fourth of July every year. We think of July 4, 1776, as a day that represents the Declaration of Independence and the birth of the United States of America as an independent nation.
But July 4, 1776 wasn't the day that the Continental Congress decided to declare independence (they did that on July 2, 1776).
It wasn’t the day we started the American Revolution either (that had happened back in April 1775).
And it wasn't the day Thomas Jefferson wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence (that was in June 1776). Or the date on which the Declaration was delivered to Great Britain (that didn't happen until November 1776). Or the date it was signed (that was August 2, 1776).
So what did happen on July 4, 1776?
The Continental Congress approved the final wording of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. They'd been working on it for a couple of days after the draft was submitted on July 2nd and finally agreed on all of the edits and changes.
July 4, 1776, became the date that was included on the Declaration of Independence, and the fancy handwritten copy that was signed in August (the copy now displayed at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.) It’s also the date that was printed on the Dunlap Broadsides, the original printed copies of the Declaration that were circulated throughout the new nation. So when people thought of the Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776 was the date they remembered.
In contrast, we celebrate Constitution Day on September 17th of each year, the anniversary of the date the Constitution was signed, not the anniversary of the date it was approved. If we’d followed this same approach for the Declaration of Independence we’d being celebrating Independence Day on August 2nd of each year, the day the Declaration of Independence was signed!
How did the Fourth of July become a national holiday?
For the first 15 or 20 years after the Declaration was written, people didn’t celebrate it much on any date. It was too new and too much else was happening in the young nation. By the 1790s, a time of bitter partisan conflicts, the Declaration had become controversial. One party, the Democratic-Republicans, admired Jefferson and the Declaration. But the other party, the Federalists, thought the Declaration was too French and too anti-British, which went against their current policies.
By 1817, John Adams complained in a letter that America seemed uninterested in its past. But that would soon change.
After the War of 1812, the Federalist party began to come apart and the new parties of the 1820s and 1830s all considered themselves inheritors of Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans. Printed copies of the Declaration began to circulate again, all with the date July 4, 1776, listed at the top. The deaths of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams on July 4, 1826, may even have helped to promote the idea of July 4 as an important date to be celebrated.
Celebrations of the Fourth of July became more common as the years went on and in 1870, almost a hundred years after the Declaration was written, Congress first declared July 4 to be a national holiday as part of a bill to officially recognize several holidays, including Christmas. Further legislation about national holidays, including July 4, was passed in 1939 and 1941.
(Mod: They also have a pretty cool feature called "Which Founding Father would you vote for?" After having taken the quiz it turns out my candidate would be James Madison. I'm good with that. Here's the link. Have a great 4th of July. Muckraking resumes here on The Tattler first thing tomorrow. We're all about using freedom here. It can be as much fun as a parade, and it is certainly easier to find a good seat.)
This is kind of sad
At the very least, one would expect their privacy to be respected as they relax and enjoy time with their friends and family, right?
Well, apparently, Lakewood, Ohio, did not get the memo.
Signs have been posted across the town parks, forbidding anyone from barbecuing, bringing their dogs, drinking alcohol, or even launching fireworks (among other things). Coolers and bags, the sign warns, will also be searched by local police to ensure these rules are kept. To top it off, the whole park is under video surveillance.
Sounds like fun, right?
I’m not sure if this is the way our Founding Fathers intended the day to be celebrated.
If you’re anywhere near Lakewood, you might want to consider going to the next town over to spend your day. That is, unless you feel like having absolutely no fun (or even freedom) on the day that celebrates that very thing.
Well, either way, no matter where you celebrate this year, Happy Independence Day, everyone!
(Mod: Time to bring back the kids and their water pistols!)